The longest U.S. government shutdown in history occurred Dec. 22, 2018, to Jan. 25, 2019. On day 35, it was announced the government would re-open so that bipartisan negotiations could begin in Congress about how much money should be allocated for southern border security.
The impacts of the shutdown uniquely affected Tribal citizens, particularly with constraints on the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Indian Health Service. The shutdown also affected the thousands of federal employees working within these agencies, many of whom are Tribal citizens.
On Jan. 25, President Trump signed a continuing resolution to bring employees back to work and reopen many government functions. On Jan. 28, the BIA Alaska Region reported that its daily actions had returned to full capacity, including child protective services, education, law enforcement, and protection of federal and Indian property.